Karelova Galina was born in Nizhnyaya Salda town, the Sverdlovsk Region. In 1972 she graduated from the Faculty of Engineering and Economics of the Ural Polytechnic Institute. Since 1973 to 1990 – Worked as a teacher in the Ural Polytechnic Institute and in the Ural State University, was actively engaged in researches of relevant socio-economic issues, and led the development of social work and social project to build a youth residential complex (YRC) in the city of Ekaterinburg.
In 1989 the YRC team of Ekaterinburg adopted G.N. Karelova in the Sverdlovsk Oblast Council of People’s Deputies. Since 1990 she has been the Member, since 1992 to 1993 – the Deputy Chairman of the Regional Council of People’s Deputies. From 1994 to 1996 – Member of the Council of Federation of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Committee on Social Policy. From 1996 to 1997 – Deputy of the State Duma of the Russian Federation, the chairman of the subcommittee on international humanitarian, scientific and cultural cooperation.
In 1997 she was appointed as a deputy Minister, and in 2000 – First Deputy Minister of Labour and Social Development of the Russian Federation. In the sphere of her competence – issues of social protection, including senior citizens.
A person with active life position, G.N. Karelova has made a great contribution to the development of social protection. Thank to her active participation in the 1997-2003 it was managed to create an infrastructure of thousands of social and protective facilities for the care of children, women, elderly people who find themselves in difficult life situations.
She represented for many times our country at the UN and in international forums, leading the government delegation on children, women, the demographics, the older generation.
From April 2003 to March 2004 G.N. Karelova – Deputy Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation. While working in the Government G.N.Karelova continued the work on strengthening and development of social protection in the country.
In 2005 she became the Chairman of the Social Insurance Fund of the Russian Federation.
From 2007 to present – Member of the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation of the fifth, sixth convocation, deputy chairman of the Committee on Budget and Taxes, First Deputy Chairman of the Committee on Labor, Social Policy and Veterans Affairs.
G.N. Karelova is actively involved in the socio-economic development of the Voronezh region. As deputy chairman of the Coordinating Council of the Governor for Social Development of the Voronezh region, she has implemented a lot of new projects and programs aimed at the development of social infrastructure. Thus, under her leadership jointly with the Pension Fund of the Russian Federation pilot project for the construction of rural boarding of a new type for the elderly is implemented in the region. The first two orphanages were built in 2011, and there are two more are under construction, opening of which is scheduled for 2013.
Galina Karelova is active in community activities. MP – the initiator and director of the Center for Social Innovation, established in 2008, to identify, implement and scale up of new and effective social technologies, projects and programs to improve the quality of social protection of citizens. Hundreds of projects with the Centre for Social Innovation became famous and were implemented in other regions of Russia.
The State Councilor of the first class, Doctor of Social Sciences, Professor, has over 150 publications on economic, social and political issues.